From Christopher Dickey, the author of "Our Man in Charleston: Britain's Secret Agent in the Civil War South" and "Securing the City," this site provides updates and footnotes on history, espionage, terrorism, fanaticism, policing and counterinsurgency linked to Dickey's columns for The Daily Beast and his other writings; also, occasional dialogues, diatribes, and contributions from friends.
Wednesday, June 05, 2013
Egypt Sentences Democracy Workers to Jail Terms, Several Americans Convicted in Absentia: Reactions from Two NGOs
The National Democratic Institute (NDI) is shocked and deeply distressed by the unjust conviction today of its employees on trial in Egypt and those of the International Republican Institute, Freedom House, the International Center for Journalists and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. The work of these 43 individuals to strengthen and support democracy in Egypt should be commended, not prosecuted. The verdict also has a chilling effect on the important efforts of civil society in Egypt.
NDI intends to appeal this decision and hopes that the court’s decision will be overturned. The Institute will do whatever it can to clear the names of its innocent employees.
NDI’s programs in Egypt included sharing international experiences on democratic transitions, training for the long-term development of political parties, and assistance to civil society organizations engaged in election monitoring, civic education and nonpartisan voter education. At no time has NDI ever funded any political party or movement. The Institute has never sought a particular electoral outcome, and it has never aligned itself with any political party, ideology or candidate.
Those wrongfully convicted were ultimately the victims of an intergovernmental dispute between the U.S. and the then-Egyptian government. The Egyptian authorities at the time claimed that the U.S. democracy assistance funds were intended instead for use by them.
From the moment it opened an office in Egypt in 2005, NDI was open and transparent in all of its activities. The Institute applied for registration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at that time and had been assured by the government since then that its papers were in order and that registration was pending. In fact, in 2006, the Ministry of Social Solidarity, another ministry involved in registration, wrote that NDI’s activities complied with Egypt’s current NGO law (Law 84). In January of 2012, NDI was invited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to update its registration request from 2005, which is still pending. Throughout its time working in the country, NDI maintained open, transparent and constructive relationships with the government of Egypt, and at no time was the Institute asked to stop its work or close its office. Those circumstances make today’s verdicts particularly troubling.
Convictions in Egypt NGO Case a Disgrace
Washington – June 4, 2013 –
FreedomHouse condemns in the strongest possible terms the conviction of 43 NGO workers, including six currently with FreedomHouse and a former staff member, after a government-led witch-hunt intended to strangle civil society activity and limit free expression in post-revolutionary Egypt. As evidence of that, the judge in the case also ordered the permanent closure of all the organizations involved.
The charges against the 43 NGO staff, made up of Egyptian and foreign staff including 17 Americans, were the culmination of a months-long campaign of intimidation by authorities, starting with holdovers from the Mubarak era and continuing under the interim military rule and under the present government; many in the Egyptian media also fed into this campaign. After raids on 10 NGO offices that included other American and German organizations as well as several Egyptian civil society groups in December 2011, the workers were indicted on charges of operating an organization and receiving funds from a foreign government without a license.
“This whole case was a disgrace from the very beginning, and the verdict makes a mockery of the Egyptian judicial process,” said David J. Kramer, president of FreedomHouse. “It is motivated purely by corrupt and anti-democratic behavior and a determination to shut down civil society. None of those indicted did anything wrong. They were simply working with Egyptians to help them realize their dream of a free Egypt, and instead have been made scapegoats for a government and judiciary who have betrayed the aspirations of the January 25, 2011 revolution.”
Under a Mubarak-era law, NGOs receiving foreign funding were subject to registration and review by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and other entities, but this was typically used as a way to stymie civil society activity, with the registration process often dragging on indefinitely. Despite that, FreedomHouse had formally submitted its registration application three days before its office was raided and after working with Egyptian authorities for months to ensure compliance with all legal requirements.
“I am deeply disappointed by today’s verdict but, unfortunately, not surprised,” said Nancy Okail, director of Egypt programs at FreedomHouse, and one of the convicted defendants. “President Morsi’s government has continued Mubarak’s tactics of using threats, intimidation, and the arbitrary exercise of government power to suppress free expression and association in Egypt. How can the international community believe he is committed to democracy when he has shut down groups and jailed staff who were helping Egyptians participate in shaping their country’s future?”
Since the raids in December 2011, all of these groups have essentially been unable to function in the country, and the case has had a chilling effect on civil society activity in general, with reports that hundreds more Egyptian NGOs are being investigated.
The current government has proposed a new NGO law that would impose even more restrictions and harm civil society than the previous law under Mubarak.
Despite the fact that the lower body of Egyptian parliament has been disbanded, the Muslim Brotherhood is intent on moving the law through the Shura Council, also set to be disbanded, with little opportunity for public comment.
“The United States government and the U.S. Congress should make clear to President Morsi that the continued persecution of civil society activists is a grave breach of his stated commitment to a democratic transition,” said Charles W. Dunne, director of Middle East and North Africa programs at FreedomHouse, and a convicted defendant. “We expect to appeal this case. Meanwhile, the government should end repressive practices including pulling its support for the oppressive new NGO law being considered by the Shura Council.”
Egypt is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2013, FreedomHouse’s annual global survey of political rights and civil liberties, Not Free in Freedom of the Press 2013 and Partly Free in Freedom on the Net 2012.